An ‘important purpose of section 34 [of the Constitution] is to guarantee the protection of the judicial process to persons who have disputes that can be resolved by law’ and that the right of access to court is ‘foundational to the stability of an orderly society. It ensures the peaceful, regulated and institutionalised mechanisms to resolve disputes, without resorting to self-help. The right of access to court is a bulwark against vigilantism, and the chaos and anarchy which it causes. Construed in this context of the rule of law and the principle against self-help in particular, access to court is indeed of cardinal importance’.The right guaranteed s34 would be rendered meaningless if court orders could be ignored with impunity:the underlying purposes of the right — and particularly that of avoidance of self-help — would be undermined if litigants could decide which orders they wished to obey and which they wished to ignore.
DA: United Nations resolution: South Africa vote is a setback for advancement of LGBT rights
The Democratic Alliance (DA) is stunned that South Africa’s United Nations delegation has voted to remove reference to sexual orientation from a United Nations resolution on extrajudicial killings (see Reuters report).
Disappointingly, 79 states voted to remove reference to sexual orientation from the resolution. Amongst them were six states which still carry the death penalty for consensual sexual acts between adults of the same sex – Iran, Nigeria, Yemen, the United Arab Emirates, Sudan and Saudi Arabia.
Others who voted for the amendment include Uganda, Saudi Arabia, Zimbabwe, Uzbekistan, Syria, Belize, Libya, Tanzania, Comoros, Lebanon, Ethiopia, Morocco, Burundi, Eritrea, Angola, Kenya, Cameroon, Algeria, Tunisia, Kuwait, Ghana, Liberia, Senegal, Guyana, Jamaica, Sierra Leone, Malawi and Malaysia.
In all of these states, homosexual acts are illegal, and punishments vary from public floggings to hefty, and in some case life, sentences.
The amendment to this resolution, which was adopted this last week, passed by just nine votes. 70 more progressively minded states voted against the amendment.
South Africa’s UN representative offered a ridiculous explanation for our vote, saying – according to the official UN minutes – that international law is insufficiently clear on the definition of sexual orientation.
The Minister of International Relations would do well to explain why this ‘concern’ did not prevent 70 other states from voting against the amendment.
With neighbouring countries like Lesotho, Namibia, Botswana and Mozambique joining South Africa in voting in favour of this amendment, it is quite conceivable that, had South Africa adopted a more principled stance, we could have influenced enough other states in the region to take up the same position, and thus change the outcome of the final vote.
Before becoming president, Jacob Zuma repeatedly demonstrated severe insensitivity to the rights of gay and lesbian South Aricans. On one occasion, he stated: “When I was growing up, an ungqingili (homosexual) would not have stood in front of me. I would knock him out.”
More recently, the president appointed Jon Qwelane, an outspoken homophobe, as Ambassador to Uganda.
Now, we are voting at the UN to weaken the international community’s response to extrajudicial killings based on sexual orientation.
South Africa should be leading the way in promoting LGBT rights on the African continent, and further afield. Our foreign policy should set an example. Instead, we are voting with states that publically flog and execute their own citizens.
There is absolutely clear evidence that sexual orientation has been a motive for many extrajudicial killings, and that the inclusion of reference to sexual orientation in this resolution was therefore appropriate and necessary.
The Zuma administration cannot remain silent on this issue, and I will write to the Minister of International Relations today on this matter, and submit parliamentary questions to her department at the next opportunity to do so.
Statement issued by Kenneth Mubu MP, Democratic Alliance Shadow Minister of International Relations, November 19 2010BACK TO TOP