Now you cannot understand anything about fascist doctrine if you do not understand that their central claim was that liberalism is antidemocratic; in other words, the fascists claimed that liberal institutions cannot represent the will of the people. They further claimed that their typical institutions, particularly the party, were more effective means to represent the will of the people. So fascists were “authoritarian democrats.”
The Hans Christian Andersen story of the emperor’s new clothes always intrigued me when I was a little boy. It was not so much the actions of the silly old emperor that befuddled me, but rather the question of why all those people went along with the lie that he was wearing anything.
Of course, once one grows up and realises that we all lie from time to time to smooth things over, to get along or to conquer the world, I had more sympathy for those lackeys serving the emperor.
It was therefore exhilarating to read an edited version of the Fifth Bram Fischer memorial lecture in the City Press, delivered by none other that Chief Justice Pius Langa. Justice Langa used the fairy tale to illustrate his point that our society is in desperate need of voices of dissent. He said the story spoke of
a susceptibility to conform, to submit to peer pressure, to populism, to political correctness and to a reluctance to think for one’s self. I am referring to the lack of courage to say or do the unpopular thing, to follow the dictates of our conscience. The favoured choice is the safer route to do nothing. But to keep hoping that others will do for us what we fear to do ourselves, we accordingly wait for the little boy to emerge from the shadows and point out the obvious – that the emperor has no clothes.
There is no doubt that the world, and this country in particular, are in dire need of men and women of courage who follow the dictates of their conscience.
is a young country on the democratic road and can only benefit from having all constructive views not being withheld, but being freely expressed. South Africa
In the past, I have found Justice Langa to be quite an enigma. Highly intelligent, but quiet and obviously shy, he has not produced the flashy jurisprudence or theoretical insights associated with Justice Albie Sachs or Laurie Ackermann, say. He has also always been very polite and measured – maybe even over cautious – in his public utterances.
That is why this lecture comes as a delightful surprise. It is clearly a heartfelt and much needed message. The fact that the Chief Justice delivered it gives it a special significance. It will embolden more people to speak their minds – even when that requires criticism of the powerful and dominant voices in our society. As Langa underscored in his lecture there is
a need for independence of thought and action – a need to make space for people who refuse to accept the norm, despite overwhelming opposition to their opinions. Without expressions of disagreement, the group is the poorer because it acts without all the knowledge that could be at its disposal and therefore often comes to the wrong decision. There is no doubt that dissenting views are important in all spheres of life, not least of all in the practice of law. They lead to healthy debate and a testing of generally accepted views, thus enriching the quality of the decisions taken.