My colleagues and I often care for patients suffering from hallucinations, prophesying, and claiming to speak with God, among other symptoms—in mental health care, it’s sometimes very difficult to tell apart religious belief from mental illness…. Our conclusions frequently stem from the behaviors we see before us. Take an example of a man who walks into an emergency department, mumbling incoherently. He says he’s hearing voices in his head, but insists there’s nothing wrong with him. He hasn’t used any drugs or alcohol. If he were to be evaluated by mental health professionals, there’s a good chance he might be diagnosed with a psychotic disorder like schizophrenia. But what if that same man were deeply religious? What if his incomprehensible language was speaking in tongues?
The Land Claims Court yesterday set aside an order granted in the Roodepoort Magistrate’s Court for the eviction of 79 long-term residents living on farmland in Honeydew. The Land Claims Court replaced the order of the Magistrate with an order dismissing the eviction application, finding that the owner had provided no basis for interfering with the constitutionally entrenched rights of the residents.
The residents, including 3 pensioners and 27 children, had been living on the property for up to 24 years at the time their eviction was sought. Many of the young people living on the property were born there, and 3 of the households there were headed by women. After failing to evict the residents illegally, the owner brought an application for their eviction under the Extension of Security of Tenure Act (ESTA) in February 2015.
The owner alleged the residents were unlawfully occupying its land and that it would be just and equitable to evict them.
SERI represented all of the residents in opposing the application on the grounds that their rights of residence had not been properly terminated, that the owner had not met the legal standard to justify their eviction and that, based on the residents’ personal circumstances, an eviction would result in their homelessness and so would not be just and equitable. The application was argued on 17 September 2015 in the Roodepoort Magistrate’s Court.
On 29 October 2015, the Magistrate handed down an order for the eviction of all of the residents, setting the eviction date for 30 November 2015. The execution of the eviction order was suspended pending the automatic review of the Magistrate’s Court decision in terms of ESTA by the Land Claims Court.
The Land Claims Court set aside the order of the Magistrate and dismissed the eviction application. The Court found that the Magistrate gravely misdirected himself in certain procedural respects. Further, there was no meaningful enquiry into the allegations of misconduct against the residents, and the evidence before the court did not suggest any illegal conduct on their part. The submissions made by the owner regarding its need for the property over the needs of the residents were vague and unhelpful. The owner failed to produce clear evidence which would justify any interference with the constitutional rights of the occupiers not to be evicted from their homes.
According to SERI’s Bhavna Ramji, “the judgment corrects a grave injustice which arose out the decision of the Magistrate’s Court. It vindicates every argument advanced by the residents and confirms that they still hold rights of residence on the property which they have called home for many years. The judgment rejects the tick-box approach of owners to eviction applications and the perfunctory acceptance of these arguments by judicial officers. It confirms that the law, properly applied, does not make space for insulting, insensitive and unproven arguments aimed at securing evictions of poor people at all costs.”
Bhavna Ramji, SERI attorney: 011 356 5878/ 079 805 4604/ firstname.lastname@example.org
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