Quote of the week

Mr Zuma is no ordinary litigant. He is the former President of the Republic, who remains a public figure and continues to wield significant political influence, while acting as an example to his supporters… He has a great deal of power to incite others to similarly defy court orders because his actions and any consequences, or lack thereof, are being closely observed by the public. If his conduct is met with impunity, he will do significant damage to the rule of law. As this Court noted in Mamabolo, “[n]o one familiar with our history can be unaware of the very special need to preserve the integrity of the rule of law”. Mr Zuma is subject to the laws of the Republic. No person enjoys exclusion or exemption from the sovereignty of our laws… It would be antithetical to the value of accountability if those who once held high office are not bound by the law.

Khampepe j
Secretary of the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Allegations of State Capture, Corruption and Fraud in the Public Sector including Organs of State v Zuma and Others (CCT 52/21) [2021] ZACC 18
15 February 2007

Why the hullabaloo about a married pupil?

Sometimes people act in such unexpected ways that my normal stock explanations just don’t seem to fit. One such case is that of the pregnant and now married teenager who was first refused re-admission to Rocklands High School, in Cape Town.

The principal and pupils of the school seemed deeply upset about allowing the pregnant pupil back, and the Department had to issue an order to allow her to continue her studies. The Department said that the teenager could not be discriminated against on the basis of her pregnancy or marital status.

Now my question is: why are people so upset about a pregnant married woman attending school. The problem is apparently not that she is pregnant, but that she is married.

I thought (as justice Sachs told us all at great length in the Fourie judgment on same-sex marriage) that marriage was considered a revered and wonderful institution in our country. I also thought that in our rather conservative society pregnant woman who marry the father of the child are thought of as morally superior to women who choose not to get married at all. In our society, there is a strong sense that it is much better to be unhappily married than to be a single mom.

Why then this antagonism towards the married mother? What is the perceived harm of allowing her to be enrolled at the school? The children interviewed on the radio claimed that by being married she became an adult and thus her presence somehow tainted the purity of their childhood. But these are 17 year olds who live in Rocklands in 2007 – not 17 year old Mormons from Utah – so this claim to moral purity seems a bit far-fetched.

The children also said that the principal had threatened to cancel the matric ball if the pregnant pupil would be allowed back, so one should take their words with a pinch of salt. Still, at least the principal felt so strongly about this that he has jeopardised his career to take this stand.

I think my question is legally relevant, because without providing a compelling reason for the ban, the school would not have a snowballs hope in hell to dispel the allegation that barring the pupil would constitute unfair discrimination.

In Constitutional terms, barring a pregnant married teenager from a school clearly constitutes discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and marital status. To justify this discrimination as not unfair the school will have to show that the purpose of the discrimination is so pressing and important that it overrides the potential affront of the dignity of the pregnant pupil.

Maybe readers of this Blog can provide me with insight as to why the married pupil’s presence at the school is seen as so terribly harmful to others. What kind of morality is at play here, or is there a practical explanation for this prejudice against the young mother to be?

Whatever the reasons, for me this case is also an interesting reminder that rights are mutually supporting and interdependent. When the right to education is read with the right not to be discriminated against, it becomes very difficult to justify the position of the principal in this case because here the pupil is being denied access to education because of the prejudice and discrimination.

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