Once the powers and functions have been assigned, the Deputy President and Ministers are responsible for the executive powers and functions assigned to them. These provisions make plain that members of the Cabinet are accountable independently and collectively to Parliament for the exercise of their powers and performance of their functions. For good measure, section 92(3) of the Constitution restates the obvious which is that, when they exercise the powers assigned to them, members of the Cabinet must act in accordance with the Constitution. This is significant because once Cabinet ministers are assigned powers and functions by the President they are not mere vassals of the President. They bear the duty and the responsibility to fulfil the duties and functions so assigned which in practice take the form of political and executive leadership of specified state departments. The Constitution makes the point that besides the duty to account to the head of the national executive, cabinet ministers bear the responsibility to report and account to Parliament on how they execute their executive duties.
Maybe we (still) need the ANC – especially those of us in the chattering classes and more especially those whining whites who think the ANC is destroying the country. The reason for this, I think, is that the ANC is for the moment the only party with a chance of keeping our fragile and fractured society together.
There has been much discussion on this Blog and elsewhere about the xenophobic violence and why it has spread so quickly to many parts of South Africa. The denialists within government have predictably blamed a ¨third force¨ and others wonder whether it is because foreigners have been allowed into South Africa too easily or whether those foreigners work too hard and therefore take the jobs of South Africans with a lower work ethic.
I am not sure there is one definitive answer to the question. What I am sure of is that it shows very clearly that we are not a very healthy society. The vast disparities between rich and poor, the history of racial oppression, the fracturing of family life through the migrant labour system and the homelands policies of the apartheid government have all contributed to the present fractured state of our nation.
I suspect many poor people see the wealth around them and compare that with their own lives and then they look for someone to blame. The problem is in South Africa there are so many people to ¨blame¨: foreigners, yes, but who is next? Homosexuals? Xhosas? Vendas? Whites? Woman?
This is why the spreading of the violence is so scary. It reminds us that where the social dislocation is so profound, the society is inherently unstable and it will only take one charismatic politician to whip up the sentiments of the dispossessed against the ¨enemy¨of choice.
That is why I wonder whether we are not – despite all their faults – lucky to have a party like the ANC in power. Although some of Jacob Zuma´s supporters have been seen wearing ¨100% Zulu Boy¨ T-shirts at times, on the whole the ANC is very much against tribalism and the scapegoating of minority groups. Even white South Africans who can easily be scapegoated are seldom vilified as a group.
Thabo Mbeki has often ranted against the racism of many white South Africans and while he has sometimes done this in a dishonest manner to try and hide his parties own shortcomings (remember the ¨fishers of corrupt men¨statement about those who dared suggest the arms deal was not Kosher), but he has never vilified white people and has never whipped up emotions against white people in a way that would allow the dispossed to think it would be right to attack whites and destroy their homes.
The same goes for whipping up feelings against gay men and lesbians (which was one of the first groups Mugabe turned against after he lost the referendum in 2000).
The problem is at present there is no other political party with the auro and the mythical liberation credentials of the ANC who are strong or credible enough to keep all the anger in check.
So if I was a white, middle class South African with property and a job (oh yes, I am actually one) I would have thanked my lucky stars for the ANC.BACK TO TOP